Magwood Park: Thunderbird Mound (estimated to be 6,000 years old.)
Below the old Erie/Neutral, Seneca and Mohawk village site of Taiaiagon (which was destroyed in 1687 by Marquis de Denonville, Governer of New France) within Baby Point Road area where 5,000 people once resided, in the ravine that leads into Magwood Park is another ancient Effigy Earthwork Burial Mound. Soil erosion and pedestrian traffic has been a problem here as well, even though it is off of the beaten track.
The Haudenosaunee of Six Nation’s Confederacy of the Grand River, who through longstanding agreements with the Erie/Neutrals, are sworn protectors and stewards of the ancestors. Events of desecration of Bear Mound, the thunderbird Mound (AjGu-44), and more recently at Snake/Serpent Mound have forced the Taiaiako’n Historical Preservation Services, through Rastia’ta’non:ha and his team, to step up surveillance and protection of these sites.
After the last Glacial period of about 12,500 B.C., the people known as the Clovis culture, a Paleo-Indian cultural group had established themselves from east of the Mississippi to the Atlantic coast, particularly around Lake Erie (Oswego) and Lake Ontario (Cadarakut). These people were the ancestors of the Erie/Neutrals. Within the Woodland Period (700 B.C. – 1615 A.D), they became more sedentary and agricultural, and so were able to take greater care of their dead, as well as take the time to build mounds to honor and bury them. Some mounds were used for medicine ceremonies, some were for burials, and both could be used for the purpose of interpreting the celestial calendar and for navigation. These particular mounds here in toronto directly correspond to the same set of mounds in Ohio (Erie/Neutral), which represent all of the clans.
The map below of the Serpent Mound in Ohio, The Bear Mound Complex, High Park, Toronto, Ontario, The Thunderbird Mound, Magwood Park, Toronto, Ontario, Tabor Hill, Scarborough, Ontario, and Serpent Mound, Keene, Ontario are all on a line that were established scientifically by the ancestors long ago. Native Astronomy is considered a science, therefore making all of these sites ” scientifically proven” by Native North American Astronomy.
American Indians were very careful scientists. They learned important facts about objects in the sky and used them to tell time, to predict the changes of the seasons, and to use maps. Today, American Indian scientists help us learn more about the sky and galaxy. In fact, Native Americans have known for thousands of years that there was a black hole located through the center of the bowl in the big dipper. NASA discovered it just a few years ago.
American Indians new that the world was round long before Europeans ever did. For example, this is reflected in the Lakota Creation Story. The first four beings – Inyan (rock), Maka (earth), Taku Skan Skan (sky), and Wi (sun) are all round because roundness is the most sacred state. The inclusion of this information in such an ancient story shows that the Lakota have known that the Earth is round for many thousands of years.
Another amazing fact about corn is that the Native Americans used alkaline substances to remove the hard exterior of corn once it hardened. Once corn dries, the outer edge of it becomes lignified. This means thatthe cells around the center of the corn kernel become tightly latticed, like the weaving of a basket. Native Americans were able to use the alkaline substances to soften the corn and make it edible again. Often, certain kinds of corn were kept hard so that the people could make foods like popcorn from them.
The Native American tribes who live in areas where there are cedar trees have always known to throw cedar on a fire during a thunderstorm. Grandmothers and Mothers would throw pieces of cedar on the fire when lightening was near, because they knew that cedar warded off lightening. What is the value of this in the world of Chemistry? Because cedar wood has a negative charge which repels the negative charge of lightening, and throwing the cedar into the fire reduced the risk that lightening would strike the area where the people were. Native Americans have had a practical understanding of Chemistry since long before the science itself was developed.