High Park Archaeology

A report from the Ontario Archeology Society journal that documents Aboriginal graves found at the North-West corner of High Park. (late 1990’s)
Proof that mounds in High Park are of ancestral to Iroquoian people. ** Note as proven by non-intrusive assessment of Bear Mound in 2008, the burial pits are not of Huron-Wendat origin, as the Huron-Wendat buried in group ossuaries. None of the mounds in High Park are ossuary style burials, therefore no relation to Huron-Wendat burial practices. Burial pits, are more closely associated with Erie/Neutral type burials and ancestral to them. Mound culture in High Park has been proven to be Meadowood Culture , ancestral to the Erie/Neutral, which therefore dispels ludicrous claims by Ron Willamson and David Donnelly, both non-native men who work on behalf of developers, and have been involved in site destruction of our ancestors, not site preservation as they claim. Also to address some of the articles naming “Bonehead” Ron Williamson as an “expert”, there is no iota of proof that the Ojibwa buried their dead in burial mounds. In fact the Meadowood Complex, people verified as burying their dead in High Park, are ancestral to Point Peninsula-Princess Point-Glen Meyer- Erie/Neutral. The Erie/Neutral are a separate group of Iroquoian people from the Huron-Wendat, as the remainder of the Erie/Neutral that survived the influx of diseases brought here by the newcomers, was taken into the Five Nations ( later Six Nations Confederacy). So you say the Iroquois did not bury their dead in mounds? Where is your proof ? As there is much documentation proving to the contrary, as the Meadowood one of the earlier mound builder cultures in Ontario did bury their dead in mounds and are ancestral to Iroquois people.

Bear Mound Assessment Report 2008a

Article From the Toronto Star, September 10,2010

First Nation Seeks Ban on Archeological Dig Site
by Gail Swainson

Lawyers with the Huron-Wendat Nation are heading to court Friday seeking a temporary injunction to scrap all archeological approvals issued on digs at significant indigenous village sites, many of them in Greater Toronto.

The band council is seeking a one-month moratorium on all Stage Four archaeological approvals and a stop-work order on digs already on the books.

If granted the order would affect as many as three dozen sites across southern Ontario, including the nationally significant Skandatut in Vaughan, home to 2,000 Hurons 500 years ago. Most of the affected sites are Huron-Wendat, though village sites originally settled by Mohawk and Anishnabe are also involved.

“Skandatut was one of the most important centres in Ontario and nobody has moved to protect it,” said David Donnelly, lawyer for the Huron-Wendat. “Friday, we are going to do our best to try and make that happen.”

Donnelly said the one-month excavation ban would buy the Huron-Wendat and other band councils enough time to go to the Superior Court of Justice asking for permanent protection for some of the most nationally significant First Nations villages.

This is just the latest volley in a battle between the Huron-Wendat and the province over protection of native heritage sites. The Huron-Wendat say Minister of Culture and Tourism Michael Chan is not doing enough to ensure such sites are not destroyed by development. “If the ministry won’t protect these sites, we’ll ask the courts to do it,” Donnelly added.

The Star has learned the ministry is introducing new guidelines on Jan. 1 requiring consultation with First Nations councils before archaeologists start their digs. But Donnelly says the new regulations are toothless and will do little to protect important sites from being paved over.

What’s more, advance notice given by Chan in a cable TV interview two weeks ago may give landowners an opportunity to jump ahead of the new regulations and rush through potentially destructive excavations, Donnelly said.

“That was an … insensitive, bone-headed move,” Donnelly said. “This says to the developers, ‘You now have a few months to push this through.’ Just watch. These sites will start to fall like dominoes.”

Ministry spokesperson Mukunthan Paramalingham said changes have been under discussion with various stakeholders for some time.

“We are aware of the concerns related to consultation by aboriginal communities. That is why the ministry is working toward the release of new standards and guidelines for consultant archeologists,” he said. “Aboriginal engagement will be a key part of the new standards and guidelines.”

The regulations, to be posted for 60 days on the ministry’s website before they come into effect, will require notification and consultation before development sites are archaeologically excavated, but not the protection and enforcement the Huron-Wendat were seeking.

Donnelly says being notified and consulted just isn’t enough. “The developers will invite the First Nations in for a chat and then, nine times out of ten, development will just go ahead.”

“We want the opportunity to get notification way in advance, like Rogers Cable does,” he said. “They get statutory notification and First Nations don’t, and that’s just racism.”

Skandatut, a 15th century Huron site on Pine Valley Dr. in Vaughan, has been under archaeological excavations with earth movers for at least a week.

It was declared a nationally significant historical and cultural village site by prominent archaeologists in 2006. The Huron-Wendat urged the province to halt a dig then happening at the site in hopes of preserving the village, believed to contain as many as 100 longhouses.

At the time, Donnelly called the wholesale destruction of native sites “a national disgrace.”

Two weeks ago, another partial Huron-Wendat village site in Vaughan was excavated with earth-moving equipment. The Huron-Wendat cried foul, saying they had not been consulted and had only learned about the dig by accident.

**Note: Skandatut is not an exclusive Huron-Wendat village site. Other archaeologists who have worked on the site prior to Williamson, have found Seneca pipes and Oneida pottery at the site.

This article also refers to the Dannanai site, another one of Williamson’s mis-classifications.  Seneca and Erie/Neutral pottery chards have been found at the site by other archaeologists. This site is dated from the early 1400’s and is too early for Huron-Wendat.

Map from the 1870’s of High Park

Snake Mound Toronto and Mound Plate from Ohio

Snake Mound Old Diagram
Snake Mound Old Diagram

Nya:wen Sge:no;

Today one of the woman supporters shared some documentation on Leigh lines at other mound sites, including Snake or Serpent Mound Sites elsewhere. There has been overwhelming evidence at other Snake Mounds, of at least 8 Leigh lines to criss cross through the site.

I decided to dowse the Snake Mound site, since it has never been done. I found the site to very active. meaning that as a walked the site completely around the outer rim, the dowsing rods never stopped turning. This indicates that there is a lot of unnatural material in the soil (archaeological) throughout the whole site. I also located all of the Leigh lines, which there are 8, and adding the centre point which makes 9 ( E,SE,S,SW,W,NW,N,NE,Centre) They centre point is where there is water located under the ground. This even makes the Snake Mound even more special, as not too many places contain 9 points. The SW-NE Leigh line lines up with the Serpent Mound in Ohio and the Serpent Mound in Keene, Ont, as verified by mapping previously done. Native Science has proven the Snake Mound to be an important site, debunking all others who scoff at the idea that it is not a site.

Niawen skenon! Oneh!

In peace,


Letter from Six Nations Confederacy-Mohawk Mens Council


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